Parts of Noun

Parts of Noun

The noun is not just naming words, it also tells us about the number and the category( gender) to which the subject belongs.

Gender tells us about the sex of the noun or naming word.
For example- Anamika is my neighbour. (Anamika – Feminine)
Cow gives us milk. (Cow – Feminine)
Razia Sultan was the empress of Delhi. (Razia – Feminine)

Example of Noun in a sentence

Gender can be classified into four major parts:

1. Masculine Gender –

 A noun or a subject is said to be a masculine gender when it refers to a male name. such as- boy, man, lion, hero etc.

  • The bull is huge.
  • Aditya Bansal is the best boy of my class.
  • The actor is shooting in his pyjamas.
  • The lion came out of his cage.
  • The boy fell on the ground.
  • My father was really angry on me when he saw my result.
  • All the boys were called by the principal in the ground.
  • Samarth is my brother.
  • Salman is the hero of the movie.

where to the usage of Noun
What is a noun?

2. Feminine Gender-

A noun is said to be a feminine gender if it refers to a female name such as: lioness, girl, heroine, niece, empress, woman, actress etc.

  • The lioness was roaming in her cage.
  • She is an intelligent girl.
  • Cows graze in the field.
  • Radhika is wearing her favorite dress.
  • My niece is very particular about her belongings.
  • Samistha is a bold girl who lives by her own rules.
  • My mother cooks delicious food.
  • Radhika and Sunita are sisters.
  • The girl will be leaving the house party soon.
  • Grandmother waved back at us when we were leaving her house.

3. Common Gender- 

A noun is said to be a common gender if it refers to a name which can either be a male or a female such as: child, student, friend, candidate, boss, servant, judge, leader etc.

  • Boys and girls can be friends.
  • Leader should be empathetic towards vulnerable issues.
  • There were over hundred of candidates waiting outside the hall.
  • The Judge announced the culprit in the court.
  • The child was crying all the time.
  • Her boss always yells at her.
  • My servent has gone to Shimla on a trip.

4. Neuter Gender-

Not everything can be categorize in masculine, feminine or common gender. There are some things which fall in neither of the types. For example- a box, chair, furniture, house, lamp, book etc. these are of neuter gender.

  • They sat under a shady tree.
  • I lent my pencil to Radhika.
  • You should not harm the school property.
  • There are shops on both sides of the street.
  • Computer is my favorite subject among all the subjects.
  • The lamp has been broken for days now.
  • My computer is not working properly.

Now, the question arises as to how to recognize whether a noun is feminine, masculine or common if the noun or subject is not really informative? Let’s learn it with the use of a simple example and one rule.

where to the usage of Noun
What is a noun?

Example- Harpreet drives his new car.
Here, in the above example, his(pronoun) tells us about the gender of the nouns. Generally, a pronoun or a noun itself states whether a certain subject is masculine or feminine. We’ve seen an example of pronoun, now, let’s look how a noun tells us about the gender of a subject.

Example- Harpreet is one among the boys.

In the above example, Harpreet(noun and subject) is male. We know this with the help of noun(boys).

Note: Collective nouns, even if they refer to living things, are used as a neuter gender.
For example: The army is doing its task.

Here, the army is considered as neither of the genders.

Reminder: Again, we know the gender by pronoun (its).

Following is the list of some gender-based noun (masculine and feminine) and their gender-free noun (common).

  1. stewardess                         –                  flight attendant
  2. salesman                           –                   salesperson
  3. poetess                              –                   poet
  4. manpower                          –                   workforce
  5. wife or husband                  –                   spouse
  6. mankind                            –                   humanity
  7. motherland                        –                   parenting
  8. foreman                            –                   supervisor
  9. housewife                          –                   homemaker

The advantage, of knowing the above words, is that you will not get tangled in Noun and Pronoun topic.

For example:
Incorrect: The housewife is doing its work.
Correct   : The housewife is doing her work.

Noun: Number (Countable and Uncountable)

Countable and uncountable nouns seems easy to understand but there are some rules and exceptions that we need to follow but once we are through it, we can master all such questions. So, let’s take a look at the topic.

Countable Nouns-
These are nouns that we can count. Common and Collective nouns can be included in countable nouns.

For example:
1. I’ve visited many cities.
2. Arman and Sarita are cousins.
3. There are some people who live in villages.
4. Reshma bought some oranges for her mother who was ill.
5. The team assembled in the playground for singing their respective national anthems.

Uncountable Nous-

An uncountable noun refers to a noun which cannot be counted. For example- tea, water, news, salt, glass, air etc. We do not use and an with uncountable nouns. However we can say a cup of tea and a pinch of salt but here we are talking about a cup and a pinch in particular and not about tea and salt.

Examples-
1. The news of terror attack turns out to be a rumor.
2. Please pass me a glass of water
3. The air can only be felt.
4. Add some salt to the dish and make it perfect.
5. There is still some oil left in the bottle.

We have some rules which we need to keep in our mind before attempting any question related to this topic.

Rules- 
  1. A/An is used before countable nouns only.
    For example- I bought a pen from the shop.
    (‘pen’ is countable noun)
  2. ‘A’ is used before a noun (countable) which starts with a consonant sound.
    Fetch me glass of water.
    (‘Glass’ is countable noun which starts with a consonant sound)
  3. ‘An’ is used before a noun (countable) which starts with a vowel sound.
    I ate an apple.
    (‘Apple’ is countable noun which starts with a vowel sound)
  4. ‘A/An’ is used before countable noun to make it general or common but not special.
    Go and call student.
    (Call any student not any one special)
  5. ‘A/An’ is used to indicate that the noun is one in number.
    I ate an orange.
    (I ate one orange and not more)
  6. ‘The’ is used before countable as well as uncountable nouns.
    ‘The’ apples are very sweet.
    (‘apples’ is countable noun)
    ‘The’ milk is very hot.
    (‘milk’ is uncountable noun)
  7. ‘The’ is used before a noun in a sentence to make it special or particular.
    The story is very interesting.
    (There is a particular story that is interesting)
    The yellow orange is juicy.
    (A particular orange that is yellow inn colour, is ‘juicy’)

Keep remembering the rules and for practice, attempt the quiz on examdays.

Happy learning 🙂

 

where to the usage of Noun
What is a noun?

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