One of the most sought-after undergraduate fields is STEM, with a workforce of over 10 million professionals.
STEM stands for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics, and an undergraduate degree in STEM opens your doors to diverse industries, including manufacturing, environment, and research, with promising prospects and opportunities.
Here are 5 STEM fields in which you can pursue a bachelor’s degree, including insights into the associated jobs, their operational mechanisms, and respective median salaries.
- Chemical Engineering
As the world increasingly focuses on exploring and adopting renewable energy sources and alternative production methods, many individuals are interested in pursuing a bachelor’s degree in chemical engineering. Chemical Engineering is widely offered at universities like American International College and revolves around chemical production and manufacturing processes.
Chemical engineers engage in the processing and manufacturing of chemicals, transforming materials into diverse products. They explore new materials and methodologies across various industries, design equipment for chemical handling, collaborate with fellow engineers and technicians, test products, enforce safety protocols, and oversee personnel in chemical plants, offices, or warehouses.
Chemical Engineers make $96,163 on average per year.
- Food Science
A bachelor’s degree in food science teaches you food chemistry, microbiology, engineering, and nutrition science, coupled with skills in sensory evaluation and quality assurance. This knowledge equips you to develop new food products, implement effective food processing methods, and adhere to food regulations while considering the sensory aspects of consumer experience.
Graduates with this background are sought after by food manufacturing companies, universities, government entities, and research institutes. Food scientists’ key responsibilities include assessing different foods’ attributes, including nutritional content, color, flavor, and texture. They conduct tests and comparisons of food samples, examining for harmful bacteria and generating detailed reports.
Additionally, food scientists ensure that manufacturing processes align with official regulations and engage in research to discover innovative methods of food production or new food varieties. They make $71,742 on average per year.
- Petroleum Engineering
A bachelor’s in petroleum engineering involves studying designing methods for extracting oil and gas from beneath the Earth’s surface, with key focus areas in drilling, formation evaluation, production, completion, and reservoir engineering. It encompasses the comprehensive process of accessing and managing hydrocarbon reservoirs.
Petroleum engineers assess, enhance, and oversee oil drilling and gas field operations processes. They frequently examine hydrocarbons, aiming to optimize oil and gas extraction.
Additionally, petroleum engineers innovate drilling methods, explore environmentally friendly practices, and collaborate with fellow engineers and field scientists. Their responsibilities include supervising well sites, managing operations, liaising with contractors, and maintaining or repairing equipment.
The average salary of petroleum engineers is $130,850 per year.
In Bachelor’s in biotechnology curriculum, you cover various scientific fields such as microbiology, immunology, virology, cell biology, plant biology, bioinformatics, chemistry, and statistics.
Biotechnologists hold significant significance for pharmaceutical firms and medical research institutions. Their core responsibilities include innovating new drugs, vaccines, experimental treatments, and artificial organs. They delve into the study, research, and application of human genetics principles to living cells, utilizing biological techniques to produce antibiotics, insulin, hormones, and similar substances.
Biotechnologists collaborate within scientific research teams, backing research concepts and directions while securing project funding, making around $54,160 on average annually.
- Environmental Engineering
Environmental Engineering bachelor’s degrees are interdisciplinary, incorporating principles from Environmental Sciences, Engineering, Physics, Chemistry, and Ecology. You will learn how to design tools, machinery, and systems to reduce environmental pollution and safeguard public health.
Environmental engineers work in NGOs, environmental consulting firms, and waste management companies. Their primary duties include applying their knowledge to address environmental issues like air and water pollution, soil degradation, and deforestation.
These engineers provide suggestions to local authorities for monitoring and reducing pollution levels and cleaning waste sites. Additionally, they collaborate with architects and other engineers to design environmentally conscious and sustainable projects, making around $96,820 on average annually.
STEM fields are incredibly popular due to the promising opportunities and prospects for graduates they offer. From chemical engineering to food technology, the options are endless and rewarding. Just make sure to do in-depth research and choose a well-reputed institution for a seamless educational journey.